The FILTER function replicates and extends Excel AutoFilter filtering functionality in formula form. The FILTER function allows us to filter a range of data based on defined criteria. By default, the FILTER function will return multiple values, which will be placed in the neighboring cells (to the bottom and/or to the right). I.e., we are dealing with dynamic array formulas here. The syntax of the FILTER function is as follows: = FILTER ( array ; include ; [if_empty] ) …

# Tag: AVERAGE function

## ROW & COLUMN functions

In Excel, there are specific use cases where an exact row (column) number, or an exact number of rows (columns), are necessary for calculations. The ROW function returns the row number of a reference. The ROW function syntax is as follows: = ROW ( reference ) If reference is omitted, the number of the row in which the formula appears is returned. The COLUMN function returns the column number of a reference. The COLUMN function syntax is as …

## INDIRECT function

The INDIRECT function returns the reference specified by a text string. The INDIRECT function syntax is as follows: = INDIRECT ( reference_text ; reference_style ) Reference text can be any text that the function can “convert” to a cell reference. Reference style represents the style of referencing cells in Excel. If omitted or TRUE, the reference text is interpreted as an A1 style reference, i.e., the default style of referencing cells in Excel. If FALSE, the reference text is interpreted …

## SUMIFS criteria: formulas, functions and conditional statements

We’ve previously established the rules for writing criteria in the SUMIFS function: we can reference any cell we can enter any number directly into the function we can enter text directly in the function, nested inside quotation marks “” a logical test is nested inside of quotation marks “”, with the comparison operator coming first and a number second. We will further expand on the topic in this article. Formulas and functions can also be nested in SUMIFS criteria. If needed, …

## Conditional calculations

IF functions for cell ranges Using conditional statements, i.e., the IF function, we can test conditions and perform actions if conditions are met. This IF-THEN-ELSE conditional processing is useful when we want to add something new to our rows. However, it is not really appropriate for retrieving data from or about whole ranges of cells, sometimes containing thousands of rows and columns. For example, in order to sum the incentive paid out to “green” team members, we had to …

## Numbers in Excel

How are numbers stored, formatted and calculated? When dealing with numbers in Excel, we should be aware of a few things: numbers in Excel can be formatted in many ways: plain numbers, currency, percentage, date, etc. no matter how they are formatted and possibly edited, underlying values saved in cells are still decimal numbers those decimal numbers that Excel uses and calculates with go up to 15 decimal places (and even with that, there are caveats) this is not changed even …